A Quick Guide through Outdoor Ponds
Ponds are mass of standing water which has occurred naturally or has been constructed by humans and they are usually smaller than lakes. Ponds that arise naturally usually do so in floodplains which is usually a part of the river system or they can be isolated depressions that fill up with rainwater over time. The depth of the water is usually shallow with marsh and other aquatic animals and plants. Water level, nutrient level, shading by the trees salinity, the effects experienced when animals graze there as well as presence or absence of streams are some of the factors that influence the type of aquatic plants and animals that are present in a pond.
Natural ponds are not very common as to artificial ponds that are constructed by humans to serve certain water needs. During the dry season, farmers are likely to dig ponds in their backyards or remove mud from the existing ones to increase their depth so as they can collect adequate amounts of water during the wet season. Other ponds can be constructed to enhance habitat restoration and for wastewater treatment. Human made ponds also include water gardens and water features that are constructed for various purposes in a home or office setting including aesthetic ornamentation for landscapes as well as constructed as architectural features. Solar ponds are also artificial ponds which are used for thermal energy storage and fish ponds which are used for commercial fish breeding.
There are various factors that one need to consider when setting up an outdoor pond in their homes. On the site where one wants to construct an outdoor pond, one should ensure that the area is well drained and there are no underground cables, pipes, sewers or even septic fields in the area. The place should also be having an outdoor source of water like a tap which one will be used to refill the outdoor pond. One should also look for a location that has partial shading to prevent high temperatures that may lead to excessive evaporation and increased algae growth. Trees should not be used to provide shading and the pond should also be placed near trees since leaves may fall into the pond causing contamination as well as clogging the pond pump. The sun and the shade can be balanced depending on the purpose which the pond shall be put to by using plants such as lilies or even use a portable shade screen for shading. A suitable outdoor pond liner should be used which is laid down after digging a hole. The perimeter of the outdoor pond should be secured by edging it which can be placed by placing stones.